CORFU MUSEUM OF ASIAN ART
History
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History

Map of Japan

 

-30.000 PALEOLITHIC PERIOD
Before 30,000 BC - 13,500 BC
Land bridges to Asian mainland. First people arrive in Japan. Use of stone tools.
-13.500 JOMON PERIOD
13,500 BC - 500 BC
Hunting and gathering. Ceramic culture. Sοme settlement.
-500 YAYOI PERIOD
500 BC - AD 250
Wet rice cultivation. Bronze and iron working. Contacts with China.
250 KOFUN (TOMB) PERIOD
AD 250 - 552
Building of great tombs. Military and horse-riding culture. Links with Korean peninsula.
552 ASUKA PERIOD
AD 552 - 710
Introduction of Buddhism and writing. Embassies to China. Political centralisation, law and coinage modelled on China.
710 NARA PERIOD
7AD 710 - 794 AD
Capital at Heijô (Nara). Building of Great Buddha Hall and Tôdaiji temple. First written histories of Japan.
794 HEIAN PERIOD
AD 794 - 1185
Capital of Heian (Kyoto). Cultural flowering of the imperial court. Court literature and poetry. Dominance of Tantric and Pure Land Buddhist sects. Suspension of official embassies to China (AD 894).
1185 KAMAKURA PERIOD
AD 1185 - 1333
Establishment of military government by samurai at Kamakura. Introduction of Zen (Chan) culture from China. Attempted invasions by Mongols (1274-81).
1333 NANBOKUCHΟ PERIOD (Northern and Southern Courts)
AD 1333 - 1392
Emperor Go-Daigo and Emperor Kogon establish rival imperial courts at Yoshino and Kyoto. Ashikaga shoguns established in Kyoto.
1392 MUROMACHI PERIOD
AD 1392 - 1573
Two imperial courts reunited in Kyoto. Development of Zen culture, Nô drama and the tea ceremony. Age of warring samurai lords. Arrival of Portuguese (1543), Christianity and firearms.
1573 MOMOYAMA PERIOD
AD 1573 - 1600
Reunification of Japan by samurai warlords Nobunaga and Hideyoshi. Many castles are built. Unsuccessful invasions of Korea (1592) and China (1597).
1600 EDO PERIOD
AD 1600 - 1868
Tokugawa shoguns establish samurai government in Edo; bans on Christianity and travel abroad; Regulated international relations; Flowering of urban culture, Kabuki theatre and ukiyo-e (floating world art); US forces renewal of foreign contacts and trade (1853-4).
1868 MEIJI ERA
AD 1868 - 1912
Samurai government overthrown in the name of the Meiji emperor who moves capital to Edo (renamed Tokyo); Modernisation and selective introduction of Western institutions; Wars with China and Russia and beginnings of East Asian empire.
1912 TASHO ERA
AD 1912 - 1926
Industrialisation and modernisation of cities, Particularly after Great Kantô earthquake of 1923; parliamentary democracy.
1926 SHOWA ERA
AD 1926 - 1989
Expansion of East - Asian empire; Asia and pacific wars; Defeat and reconstruction; period of high economic growth.
1989 HEISEI ERA
AD 1989 - present.
Economic recession and recovery. International influence of traditional Japanese culture.